Jewish American immigrants and their children have been stereotyped as exceptional educational achievers, with attendance at prestigious universities leading directly to professional success. In College Bound, Dan Shiffman uses literary accounts to show that American Jews’ relationship with education was in fact far more complex. Jews expected book learning to bring personal fulfillment and self-transformation, but the reality of public schools and universities often fell short. Shiffman examines a wide range of novels and autobiographies by first- and second-generation writers, including Abraham Cahan, Mary Antin, Anzia Yezierska, Elizabeth Gertrude Stern, Ludwig Lewisohn, Marcus Eli Ravage, Lionel Trilling, and Leo Rosten. Their visions of learning as a process of critical questioning—enlivening the mind, interrogating cultural standards, and confronting social injustices—present a valuable challenge to today’s emphasis on narrowly measurable outcomes of student achievement.
“…detailed and meticulously researched…” — The Year’s Work in English Studies
“This is a rich, well-researched, and compelling study that displays a mastery of its authors and texts, as well as the relevant scholarly studies. It presents its findings in fluent, readable prose.” — Eric Sundquist, Johns Hopkins University
“Shiffman makes an important and timely contribution to the field of American Jewish studies, especially involving the place of education at the turn of the twentieth century and into the war years.” — Victoria Aarons, Trinity University
Rooting Multiculturalism: The Work of Louis Adamic offers the American immigrant writer, editor, and social critic’s insights about democracy and diversity to the ongoing “culture wars.” This study begins with a chronological overview of Adamic’s career from his boyhood in Slovenia, to the growth of his reputation as an advocate for ethnic diversity in the 1930s and 1940s, to the suspicious circumstances surrounding his death in 1951. Rooting Multiculturalism then considers Adamic’s relationship to the development of American cultural pluralism between the Wars, his populist rhetoric of progressive social reform, and his analysis of the plight of “second-generation” immigrants. By evaluating Adamic’s life and work, Rooting Multiculturalism reveals that multiculturalism has a longer and deeper history than is often acknowledged. Moreover, this study underscores Adamic’s dynamic model of multicultural identity and American citizenship in which individuals draw from a variety of cultural and philosophical perspectives without being bound by any of them.